Communities

CROFTON

Useful Links:

http://www.city-data.com/city/Crofton-Maryland.html
http://crofton.patch.com/

Crofton is a census-designated place and planned community in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States. The town is located 20 miles east-northeast of Washington, D.C. 20 miles south of Baltimore and 15 miles west-northwest of Annapolis. Established in 1964, Crofton held its 40th birthday celebration in 2004.
In July 2007 Crofton was named by Money magazine as one of “100 Best Places to Live” in the United States. Crofton placed 72nd out of 100 cities on the list. It was selected for its relative anonymity while still boasting many major amenities, excellent schools, and sought after location.[2] Crofton was selected again for the magazine’s 2011 list, this time placing 82nd.[3]

Community life frequently revolves around Crofton Parkway, actually a scenic loop 3.5 miles (5.6 km) long, tangentially touching the larger “triangle” made up of three nearby roads, which encloses the original Crofton community. Crofton Parkway is the scene of yearly parades, two of the community’s five elementary schools, the Town Hall, Village Green, community events, Crofton Country Club, and walkers, joggers and bikers around the loop. The Crofton area now extends North from the triangle, including Crofton Park. Crofton also has a community pool, the Crofton Swim and Tennis Club [CSTC] but is restricted to those inhabitants of the triangle.

In 1963, after the Crawford Corporation accumulated over 1,600 acres (650 ha) of land, it announced that it would build a new community called Crofton. This new town and planned community was founded at the same time as Reston, Virginia (April 17, 1964) and Columbia, Maryland (1967). Crofton would be anchored by a community golf course, which later became the Crofton Country Club. Crofton was officially founded in the fall of 1964. The company considered picking an English name for the new town that “sounds well and implies that this is a pleasant place to live.” It ended up picking the name “Crofton,” named after a small township in Cumberland County, England. The English town was originally called Croft-town, derived from the word Croft, as the town standing upon the Crofts. Originally an exclusive gated community, Crofton’s gates were opened and they now only serve as a symbol for this community just off Route 3


GAMBRILLS

Useful Links:

Gambrills News: http://www.topix.com/city/gambrills-md

Gambrills is an unincorporated town in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the Baltimore metro area. The community was named for Augustine Gambrill, plantation owner.
It has a population of 1,759 as recorded in the last census in 2000. There has been tremendous buildup in recent years during the real estate boom. The population may have increased dramatically. Its ZIP Code is 21054.


ODENTON

Useful Links:

http://www.city-data.com/city/Odenton-Maryland.html
http://odenton.patch.com/

Odenton is a census-designated place (CDP) in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States. The population was 20,534 at the 2000 census. According to the 2010 Census the town’s population has grown to 37,132. Its population grew by 80.8% and had the fastest population growth of any single town in western Anne Arundel County from 2000-2010.[2]

The town is named after former Governor of Maryland, Oden Bowie. It is bordered by Gambrills to the east, Severn to the north, Fort Meade to the west, and Crofton to the south. It is located at the intersection of Maryland routes 170 and 175 and is parallel to Route 32. The zipcode is 21113. It is often mispronounced “Odington” or “oDENton.”

In 1840, the steam-powered Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad (A&ER) was built across a sparsely settled farming community that would later become Odenton. At the beginning of the Civil War, Union soldiers guarded this railroad line because it was the only link between the North and the nation’s capital. Rail traffic through Baltimore had been disrupted by southern sympathizers, so supplies, mail and soldiers flowed through Annapolis and west Anne Arundel County to Washington.

The town of Odenton, nicknamed “The Town a Railroad Built” by Catherine L. O’Malley,[3] was formed in 1868 with the construction of the Baltimore Potomac (B&P) Railroad connecting Baltimore and Washington, D. C. Where the B&P crossed the A&ER, a train station and telegraph office were constructed and named for Oden Bowie, President of the B&P and former governor of Maryland. Train service to the station began on July 2, 1872. The rail junction (today’s MARC station) at Odenton Road, already a busy thoroughfare from Annapolis to Frederick, became the site of Odenton’s first commercial center. The Watts and Murray general stores served railroad workers and farmers, and in 1871 a post office was established. A town grew near the junction, houses were built for railroad workers, a Methodist church was dedicated in 1891 and a grade school opened in 1892.

Small villages developed around these various railroad lines, but none amounted to more than a cluster of shops and homes around a train station and post office. The 1878 Maryland Directory listed the following towns: Conaway, Odenton, Patuxent, Sappington, and Woodwardville. Odenton was the largest with a population of 100 with a church, a school and two stores. In nearby Woodwardville, where the B&P crossed the Little Patuxent River, A. G. Woodward was the postmaster and operated a general merchandise store in a village of 50 people. Two churches and a school served that community. Land was worth from $5 and $30 per acre, producing wheat, corn and tobacco.

Canneries, primarily for tomatoes, were built in many locations in Anne Arundel County, including Odenton and Woodwardville. The George M. Murray Canning House, built in the late 19th century on Odenton Road (behind present day 1380 and 1382 Odenton Road) was a successful operation into the early 1900s.

Shortly after 1900, another company built an electric interurban railroad parallel to the B&P and also electrified the former A&ER. Train service on these lines began in 1908. The Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railroad provided public transportation to central Maryland.

In 1914, the United States Naval Academy purchased the 800-acre (3.2 km2) Hammond Manor Farm for the construction of a dairy following the 1910 typhoid fever outbreak at the Academy. The Academy operated the dairy until 1998. Until 2005 it was the home of Dean Foods’ Horizon Organic dairy. The farm is currently the home of Maryland Sunrise Farm.

In 1917, at the advent of World War I, Odenton’s growth was spurred by the establishment of Fort Meade. The United States Department of War acquired 19,000 acres (77 km2) of land west of Odenton to develop a training camp, displacing numerous farmers, merchants and public and private enterprises, many of whom moved east to nearby Odenton. The Epiphany Chapel and Church House at Fort Meade was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.[4] This growth accelerated in the 1950s with the establishment of the National Security Agency on the fort and Friendship International Airport (now the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport) a few miles to the north. Odenton still maintains its railroad history through the Dennis F. Sullivan Maintenance Facility, operated by Amtrak, which maintains track, bridges and other structures on the Amtrak/MARC line between Baltimore and Washington. All of this, as well as the suburban expansion of Baltimore and Washington, D.C., have transformed Odenton from a farmland region to a business, residential and industrial center in Anne Arundel County.

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